Whitby: A Potted History
Whitby has a fascinating history, changing roles over the centuries from a religious centre to one of the country's most important ports and later a resort. The king of Northumbria founded the monastery on the headland in the 7th century and installed St Hilda as the first Abbess. Although it was abandoned following attacks by Danish raiders who later settled in the area, the Abbey was re-established by the Normans. Following Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries, the harbour and new industries were developed in Whitby, including alum mining, ship building and transporting coal. Captain James Cook's ships Endeavour and Resolution were originally Whitby colliers. Ship owners, merchants and shipbuilders settled in Whitby and built grand houses, alongside the more humble dwellings of those who worked in the port or local industries. The town was also known for its whaling fleet and the production of jet jewellery. From the 18th century the town began to be also developed as a resort, with more visitors arriving in the 19th century when the railway was built, and today is a popular tourist destination.Through successive centuries the author looks at what has shaped Whitby's history. Illustrated throughout, this accessible historical portrait of the transformation that Whitby has undergone through the ages will be of great interest to residents, visitors and all those with links to the town.
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